Landscapes and Seascapes


I am proud that I was made in Yorkshire, and I am proud of the things we make in Yorkshire. Britain should be proud of that, too.

Jo Cox

The written history of Yorkshire starts with the Romans, who arrived in Eastern Yorkshire in 71AD. The Vikings captured York in 866 and in 1066 Harald Hardrada invaded England, but was defeated by the English at the Battle of Stamford Bridge. William Duke of Normandy was crowned king of England in 1066, and by 1086 the people of Yorkshire rose in rebellion; William responding with ‘the Harrying of the North’.

In the 15th century, Yorkshire, like the rest of England, was affected by the Wars of the Roses. Since then Yorkshire fortunes have followed the rise and fall of industries such as wool and cloth, steel making and cutlery, coal mining, canals, fishing and railways. Tourism has been a significant industry in Yorkshire with the first seaside towns, such as Scarborough arising in the 19th century.


Whitby is a fishing port that emerged during the Middle Ages, supporting important herring and whaling fleets, and was where Captain Cook learned seamanship and, coincidentally, where his vessel to explore the southern ocean, The Endeavour was built. Tourism started in Whitby during the Georgian period and developed with the arrival of the railway in 1839. Its attraction as a tourist destination is enhanced by the proximity of the high ground of the North York Moors national park and the heritage coastline and by association with the horror novel Dracula. Jet and alum were mined locally, and Whitby jet, which was mined by the Romans and Victorians, became fashionable during the 19th century.

March 2023

North Yorkshire Moors

The North York Moors is an upland area in north-eastern Yorkshire, designated as a National Park in 1952. It covers an area of 554 square miles and is administered by the North York Moors National Park Authority. To the east, the area is defined by the cliffs of the North Sea coast. The northern and western boundaries are defined by the steep scarp slopes of the Cleveland Hills. To the south lie the Tabular Hills and the Vale of Pickering.

March 2023

Flamborough Head

Flamborough Head is a promontory on the Yorkshire coast of England, between the Filey and Bridlington bays of the North Sea. It is a chalk headland, with sheer white cliffs. The cliff top has two standing lighthouse towers, the oldest dating from 1669 and Flamborough Head Lighthouse built in 1806.

February 2023

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